If you live abroad and are thinking about sending your child to an American private school, you need to be aware of several things about American schools. If you are being transferred to the United States by your employer, your move will entail help with finding and paying for private schools for your school age children. Let's explore five characteristics of American private schools about which you need to know.
1. The U.S. has many private schools.
First of all, like everything else in the U.S., the sheer number of private K-12 schools in the United States is positively overwhelming. There are over 29,000 private schools. See Private Schools: A Brief Portrait
for an overview of the private school scene. Private schools educate approximately 10% of K-12 students.
This video gives you an idea of why Cabrini High School
in New Orleans, Louisiana is much loved by its students. Children attend American private schools by choice, not because they have to.
In North America “public” denotes a school which receives funding from a government entity. The federal, state and/or local authorities support our public schools with tax dollars. Generally public schools are largely funded by property taxes at the local municipal level. Private schools, on the other hand, are generally supported almost exclusively by their own resources. These include tuition fees, fund-raising campaigns and endowments. Private schools do not, as a rule, accept any form of state funding. To do so would jeopardize their independence. Another difference in nomenclature is the use of the word "college". College in North America generally denotes a tertiary or university level institution. In Britain and commonwealth countries college often denotes a private high school.
2. Freedom of choice is a cherished feature of private education.
Secondly, freedom of choice is at the heart of American private education. Many private schools were founded by groups of parents who want their children to be educated according to certain religious or educational principles. Christian, Jewish, Islamic, Seventh Day Adventist, Presbyterian, Baptist, Episcopalian, Roman
Catholic, and Quaker schools are examples of some of the denominations which sponsor schools. Disciples of Maria Montessori and Rudolph Steiner have gone forth and multiplied. Montessori and Waldorf schools can be found in most communities.
Private schools further subdivide along residential or boarding and non-residential or day school lines. You will find boarding schools for grades 9-12 and junior boarding schools for grades 7-9. Watch students at Salisbury School
, Salisbury, Connecticut tell what is special about their boarding school.
Day schools generally split into three broad categories: primary/elementary grades or PK-6; middle/junior grades or grades 6-9 and high school or grades 9-12 or 13. Grade 13 is what is known as a PG or post graduate year. Many schools offer Prekindergarten (PK) through grade 8 and then pass their graduates on to a high school which handles grades 9-12. These high schools in the private school jargon are known as prep schools or college preparatory schools.
3. A school for every need
All of these private schools come in a variety of flavors to suit your needs. There are boys' schools, girls' schools, military schools, choir schools, alternative schools, special needs schools, sports schools, schools for the arts and, fittingly, international schools. In short, if you can imagine a school, the American K-12 education industry probably has thought about it and is able to offer whatever kind of school you are looking for.
Within these various categories you will find a wide range of educational philosophies and teaching styles. That's why it is very important for you to actually visit the school if at all possible. Make sure that the school's way of doing things and what it teaches mesh with your requirements and expectations.
4. Finding the right school for your child
By now you probably are wondering how you will ever identify schools which will work for your particular needs. Start by determining how long you will be in the United States. If you plan to be in the States for just a few years, an international or British school is probably the best choice for your teenage children. British schools offer preparation for the British school leaving examinations. Slightly less in number are the French and German schools. They tend to be found in major metropolitan areas which attract a substantial expat community. Attending an international school which follows the curriculum your home country uses will make the transition back home much easier for your children.
Another possibility is to enroll your children at a school which offers the International Baccalaureate program. The IB is accepted universally and is held in very high regard. If you have young children, you will have no trouble finding a good school as the options are wide and varied with uniformly high standards.
Montessori schools can be found just about everywhere in the U.S. although you need to make certain that the school you are checking out is actually a genuine Montessori school. Waldorf and Reggio Emilia schools round out the early education offerings available.
5. Seeking expert advice.
The key to finding the right school for your child is to hire an educational consultant. American private schools are not ranked objectively by any regulatory authority. What constitutes a good school is largely a product of your own personal expectations and requirements. For example, if your child has the potential to get into Harvard or Cambridge, you need to find a school with solid academics and a proven track record of placing its graduates in top tier universities. If your son has a learning disability, there will be a school with the experienced, highly-skilled faculty which can help him remediate that disability.
How do you determine which school meets your criteria? An educational consultant has the knowledge and experience you need to make sense of it all. This is the single most important recommendation I can make for any parent anywhere looking for a private school. Hire an educational consultant. It is money well spent.
What about last-minute transfers? Often employers will give you little notice of an impending move. Can you get your your child into an American private school after the academic year has begun? It depends on many things. Typically private schools in areas which have a lot of comings and goings in the expatriate community will be more accommodating than those in areas where there are few expatriates. The other factor is whether or not the school has a place open. Students do withdraw during the academic year for all kinds of reasons. So it is just possible that there may be a place. This is yet another reason why you should engage an educational consultant. She will know what schools have places. If she doesn't know, she can find out that information very quickly.
Remember: finding the right school means a happy, successful child. Truly, nothing is more important than your child's happiness.