A look at the different names and types of private schools.
defines an independent school as "a private school, not open to or controlled by the public, especially, one that is nonreligious and supported mainly by tuition and private funds." An independent school receives no public funds, at least not directly. Independent schools generally are not assessed for property and other local taxes. They are considered tax-exempt. However, most independent schools will make a contribution to the local town or city for fire and police protection services in lieu of an actual tax bill. Apart from that, tuition fees and gifts are the only sources of an independent school's funding.
From a legal point of view, the board of trustees is detached from and independent from any other organization. For example, many parochial and religious schools are subsets of a parent governing body. While they may be deemed private schools, they are not independent schools in a legal sense.
"Independent schools are non-profit private schools that are independent in philosophy: each is driven by a unique mission. They are also independent in the way they are managed and financed: each is governed by an independent board of trustees and each is primarily supported through tuition payments and charitable contributions. They are accountable to their communities and are accredited by state-approved accrediting bodies."
The next question worth asking is "What is the rationale for independent schools?" The answer is that